Tsiolkovsky Publishes Proof That Rockets Can Launch Things into Space

Tsiolkovsky was probably the first person to realize the rocket was the means to travel into space, and the first to work out many essential principles. Deaf since childhood, he became a high school mathematics teacher. He theorized about airships and rockets beginning in the late 1800s and published his spaceflight ideas in Russian as early as 1903, (Study of Space by Reaction Devices).

The communist government that emerged in Russia in 1917 eventually proclaimed Tsiolkovsky as the father of Soviet rocket technology.

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, born in Izhevskoe, Russia, in 1857, was the earliest theorist of spaceflight, publishing in 1903.